Exploring the common delay factors

related to major parties involved in construction projects: A systematic review



By Adebayo A. Fashina1,2*, Funke F. Fakunle3 and Chibuzo Opiti4

1Project Management Program, School of Graduate Studies and Research, Gollis University, Hargeisa, Somaliland.
2Engineering Management Program and Project Management Program, School of Graduate Studies and Research, Gollis University, Hargeisa, Somaliland.

3Health, Safety, and Environment Department, AdeFolasade Management Systems Consults, Lagos, Nigeria.

4Training Department, Hybrid HSE LTD, Opebi, Ikeja District, Lagos-Nigeria.

*Corresponding author: Adebayo Adeboye Fashina. adebayofashina@gmail.com




Construction projects are mostly considered to be complex and the implementation of such projects are basically risky particularly, when the proper tactics to address this complexity are missing. As such, many construction projects are faced with undesirable outcomes during the implementation phase such as delay in project completion. This is a fundamental challenge that is traceable to the fact that a number of parties are involved in the management of these projects. Consequently, this paper explores the common delay factors related to major parties involved in construction projects. This was achieved via a literature review, by identifying and grouping the delay factors that are common in practice into four categories that include contractor-related factors, consultant-related factors, owner-related factors and other factors. The paper provides significant information for new construction practitioners who may want to start practicing in any construction industry worldwide. Impending researchers are also provided with an improved underlying understanding of the common delay factors related to major parties involved in the construction projects which can help validate their findings in the future.

Keywords:    Common Construction Delay, Roads, Construction Industry, Major Parties Involved in Construction Projects, Low-income Countries


Since the creation of the universe, construction have been seen as an essential need for humanity, predominantly, the need for a shelter (Costanza et al., 2007; Shackleton & Shackleton, 2004). The early construction project recorded in human history is the building of a house (Hendrickson & Au, 2008; Pérez-Lombard, Ortiz, & Pout, 2008), and within a short period of time, construction projects improved to a stage where professionals and skilled works are required (Pérez-Lombard et al., 2008). As such, there is a growing demand for construction projects till date, globally. This has led construction industries worldwide to constantly explore significant ways of erecting buildings with high quality, that meets environmental protection requirements, public health and safety requirements, and most recently energy efficiency requirements using trailblazing construction technology and new level of insights/knowledge (Sheikh, Fakunle, & Fashina, 2020).

Consequently, construction stakeholders such as investors, contractors, architects, consultants, materials suppliers are needed in the implementation of these projects. However, the participation of the different parties throughout the lifecycle of the construction projects mostly lead to unwanted challenges (Zou & Zhang, 2009). These challenges affect the productivity, performance and success of construction projects and in turn often leads to the complete abandonment of the entire project(s) by all parties involved (Aibinu & Jagboro, 2002). In fact, these projects are mainly faced with the challenge of delay in completion that affect all aspects of the projects, be it the cost, schedule or the reputation of the parties involved (Aibinu & Jagboro, 2002).

Delay in the construction industry is a global challenge and it is known to be the most common (H. Abdul-Rahman et al., 2006), expensive (Baloi & Price, 2003), risky (Mills, 2001), and a comprehensive problem associated with both private and public construction projects (Li, Akintoye, Edwards, & Hardcastle, 2005). This implies that a delayed project will always have undesirable consequences on the final outcome of such project. Furthermore, like in the telecommunication industries where projects are faced with challenges (Fashina, Abdilahi, & Fakunle, 2020), delays in construction projects downshifts economic activities (Global_Construction, 2015), weaken employment opportunities (Hart, 1973), and can dampen foreign investors (Neary, 2009). These are fundamental challenges in the construction industry that motivated this research.

Thus, the aim of this paper is to present a systematic review on the common delay factors related to major parties involved in construction projects. This paper thus offers useful information that can guide impending research studies related to construction project delays. Moreover, this paper increases the knowledge required to better understand the impacts of stakeholders on project delays in the global construction industry. The first part of this paper presents the background introduction of the link between construction project delays and the impacts of parties involved. The second part explores the major parties involved in construction projects with a focus on the contractors, consultants and owners. In addition, an empirical review on the common delay factors in practice that are related to the major parties involved in construction projects is presented in the third part. The last part of this paper presents the concluding remarks.



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How to cite this paper: Fashina, A.A.; Fakunle, F. F.; Opiti, C. (2020). Exploring the common delay factors related to major parties involved in construction projects: A systematic review; PM World Journal, Vol. IX, Issue V, May.  Available online at https://pmworldlibrary.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/pmwj93-May2020-Fashina-Fakunle-Opiti-common-delay-factors-in-construction-projects.pdf



About the Authors


Dr. Adebayo Adeboye Fashina

Hargeisa, Somaliland



Dr. Adebayo Adeboye Fashina is a young certified management consultant (CMC), professional researcher, educator and education management consultant with over eight years of significant international experience working on STEM education, EOMS/Project management research and teaching, science research and teaching, and capacity building at various levels of education across Africa.

Dr. Adebayo hold a Bachelor’s degree in Physics/Electronics, MSc. in Theoretical Physics and Ph.D. in Theoretical and Applied Physics. He currently works with Gollis University, Hargeisa as an Associate Professor of Physics and Engineering Management. Prior to his present job, he worked as a Researcher/GTA/Lecturer-B at AUST before joining Kampala International University, Uganda as a Senior Lecturer and later worked as an Associate Professor at William V. S. Tubman University, Liberia. He was nominated for the 2016 Sustainable Energy Africa Awards and shortlisted as one of the three finalists in the ”Emerging Leaders” award category at the 2016 Nigeria Energy Forum.

Dr. Adebayo has conducted training workshops, seminars and given speeches/talks/presentations at local and international conferences. He has published more than 20 articles in reputed journals and is an active reviewer of many international journals. He is a motivated, energetic and focused individual with strengths in innovative teaching approaches, interdisciplinary research, data analysis, teacher training and team management. His research interest includes sustainable living, project management, RE policy and management, education organization management system (EOMS), educational planning, photonic nanostructures of materials etc. He is a fellow of African Scientific Institute, USA and the Institute of Management Consultants, Nigeria.

Dr. Adebayo can be contacted on adebayofashina@gmail.com or afashina@gollisuniversity.org


Funke Folasade Fakunle

Lagos Nigeria



Funke Folasade Fakunle is a young female NEBOSH international diploma qualified professional with 10 years of significant QHSE experience in QHSE management, training and consultancy. Being passionate about Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) and management system in the workplace, she has acquired certifications in Process Safety: Hazard Operability study (HAZOP), Lean six sigma (Green Belt Holder), ISO 9001 Lead Auditor, OHSAS 18001 Lead Auditor, AOFAQ Level 3 Award in Education & Training, NEBOSH International Diploma in Occupational Safety and Health, NEBOSH International General Certificate in Occupational Safety and Health, Project Management, Rigging Safety and Inspection etc.

Funke received a B.Sc. degree in Mathematics from the University of Uyo, Akwa-Ibom, Nigeria in 2008. Over the past 10 years, she has gained significant QHSE experience in various industries.  These include construction, oil & gas, logistics and transportation, telecommunication, manufacturing, banking and security sectors. She is a register Professional/Associated Member of the International Register of Certificated Auditors (IRCA), International Institute of Risk and Safety Management (IIRSM), and Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE).

As an QHSE Consultant/Trainer at present, she conducts QHSE training, consulting and auditing/evaluation exercises that help improve the QHSE Management Systems of various organizations. This allows her to adequately provide her clients with the necessary advisory services that include but not limited to HSE employee orientation training, development, planning and implementation of QHSE Management Systems, QHSE auditing, Environmental Management System, process improvement and so on.

Funke can be contacted on funkefolasade7@gmail.com


Chibuzo Opiti

Lagos Nigeria



Chibuzo Opiti is a qualified and competent Health & Safety Consultant and Practitioner with vast experience in HSE administration, training and consulting for clients in the Oil and Gas industry as well as in major manufacturing and beverage companies in Nigeria such as NB plc, NBC, Smile communications, SAPETRO, PZ Cussons group, Dangote Group, Seplat amongst others.

He holds a B.Sc. degree in Human Kinetics from the University of Benin with active and consistent work experiences spanning over 9 years that has allowed him to acquire requisite knowledge and skills in safety management systems and loss prevention.

Chibuzo is a certified Auditor to ISO 9001, 14001 and OHSAS 18001 standards. He has also obtained NEBOSH International General Certificate in Health & Safety (UK), NEBOSH Diploma in Environmental Management (UK), amongst several other professional qualification. Over the year he has attended and completed several other professional certificate courses in occupational Health, Safety and Environment within and outside Nigeria.

Chibuzo is currently a Senior Partner and Training Co-Ordinator in Hybrid-HSE limited where he is actively involved in capacity and human capital building in the areas of HSE. As an active HSE practitioner, he has conducted seminars and facilitated various workshops that are geared towards creating more awareness about the HSE fields and mentoring the younger practitioners in the field, to make them not only self-sufficient but also ignite the culture of positive HSE culture in the larger society.

He is currently a member of IOSH, UK, an internationally recognized HSE professional and technical body.