Industry 4.0 and Smart Manufacturing

Data Challenges and New Innovative Contracts for Program Management



By Sonia Bouden

SKEMA Business School

Tunisia and Lille, France




Industry 4.0 is considered a groundbreaking and strategic step in manufacturing and heralds a new age of connected machines. Through smart manufacturing, industrials can achieve higher productivity and performance, drive down costs and time, and improve the productivity in projects, by marrying the physical and digital systems.

However, when smart machines are involved, connectivity between devices and exchange of data can be problematic in Project, Program and Portfolio Management. It can bring with it, security and confidentiality issues and data dissemination risks. The owner of the company and the suppliers strive to forge new revenue streams and race to get the most benefit out of the new technologies, so the competition is greater and the challenge to secure data becomes all the more crucial.

The focus will of this paper is to develop a full contractual approach to help industries investigate the best options when contracting and implementing new machinery.

Using the non-Compensatory model technique, the additive weights technique, and by conducting a Pareto analysis, we chose the best alternatives for companies and suppliers to define a well-structured contract, by focusing on the impact that these criteria can have on the projects.

Keywords: Smart Manufacturing, Smart Machine, Confidentiality, Intellectual Property, New contracting approach


The world is facing new challenges related to economic, social, environmental and sustainable manufacturing systems. Many businesses are embracing the need to adopt smart manufacturing and move towards industry 4.0 and process automation with highly sophisticated technologies, in order to decrease their costs, shorten the manufacturing time and improve their productivity and performance in their projects. This brings to mind that adopting smart machines cannot be considered as a simple, unique project. Smart Manufacturing has a significant impact on how a factory organizes itself and the absence of digital and data trust makes the project portfolio quite complex. In this context, it can be interesting to link with the definitions of the Guild of Project Controls Compendium. We can consider the following examples:


To read entire paper, click here


Editor’s note: This paper was prepared for the course “International Contract Management” facilitated by Dr Paul D. Giammalvo of PT Mitratata Citragraha, Jakarta, Indonesia as an Adjunct Professor under contract to SKEMA Business School for the program Master of Science in Project and Programme Management and Business Development.  http://www.skema.edu/programmes/masters-of-science. For more information on this global program (Lille and Paris in France; Belo Horizonte in Brazil), contact Dr Paul Gardiner, Global Programme Director paul.gardiner@skema.edu.

How to cite this paper: Bouden, S. (2019). Industry 4.0 and Smart Manufacturing: Data Challenges and New Innovative Contracts for Program Management, PM World Journal, Vol. VIII, Issue III (April). Available online at https://pmworldlibrary.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/pmwj80-Apr2019-Bouden-Industry-4.0-and-Smart-Manufacturing.pdf



About the Author

Sonia Bouden

Tunisia, France



Sonia Bouden is a final year double-degree student, studying entrepreneurial and industrial engineering at ITEEM-Centrale Lille, specializing in Production Systems Engineering and preparing a Master degree at SKEMA Business School in Project and Program Management and Business Development.

Great networker, versatile student, with strong organisational and interpersonal skills, Sonia has been involved in many associations, projects and clubs, that allowed her to run interdisciplinary projects and acquire skills in leadership and project management.

She was member of the school board of directors, delegate at Centrale Lille and SKEMA, path career finder at SKEMA, responsible for the Centrale Lille’s female football club, president of the association of Arab students and integration of foreign people at Centrale Lille and in charge of the good relationships with industrials, partners of the school.

She is passionate about horse riding, Rock and Roll (dance), 3D printing and is highly interested in innovation in industry linked to 3D printing and other new technologies including Blockchain, IoT, mainly in healthcare, sustainable development and aeronautics.

Sonia has an experience in production and lean management and is closely plugged in to French, German and Tunisian industries. She is keen on working on subjects related to industry 4.0 and smart manufacturing. Through her 16-month internship experience in France, Germany and Tunisia (at EY, Airbus Operations GmbH, Health for development, Furet du Nord) and 4-year experience from school projects in partnership with companies (Decathlon, Adeo, Greenyard, Velux, GrandsEnsemble), she has acquired a good insight on the different companies cultures and a good expertise on different sectors.

Sonia can be contacted at bouden.sonia.s@gmail.com