Evaluation of Sustainable Development Practice on Private Residential Land


A case of Ipinsa, Ilara-Mokin and Ibule-Soro Areas



By Chukwuma I. Elizabeth

Department of Estate Management
Delta State University of Science and Technology
Ozoro, Delta State, Nigeria


Prof Babajide Ojo, PhD

Department of Estate Management
Federal University of Technology
Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria


Sustainable development is considered as one of the cardinal measures of the state of an environment with an important aim of ensuring adequate land use without compromising future needs. However, despite efforts by statutory body on controlling the use of land through sustainable practices such as zoning, environmental conservation, land related issues still persists. The study assessed sustainable development practice of private residential land in Ondo state in order to enhance its suitability to the environment. A structured questionnaire was used to obtain information from landowners in Ipinsa, Ilara-Mokin and Ibule-Soro areas of Ondo state, Nigeria. The obtained information was examined using Weighted Mean Score, Logistic Regression, Factor Analysis and Thematic Analysis. Weighted Mean Score is used to determine the probability associated with a particular event with its associated quantitative outcome. The findings of this study show that emergence of adjoining land use, unguided market price, emergence of small illegal development amongst others were activities found on residential land in the study area. Therefore, this study recommends the need for policy/guidelines on controlling the intense use of land for environmental sustainability.

Keywords: Evaluation; Sustainable Development Practice; Private; Residential; Land use; Ondo State.


Sustainable development is considered as one of the cardinal measures of the state of an environment including social, economic and political aspects [1]. Sustainable development as a crucial aspect to the environment plays an important role in areas such as land scape, land planning, local economic development, resource efficiency and operational efficiency [2]. The desired result is a state of society where living conditions and resources are used to continue meeting human needs without undermining the integrity and stability of the natural system [3]. Nigeria is regarded as a Land Surplus Economy that can sustain different land uses for various purposes. However, the residential use has an indisputable influence on spatial distribution of all other urban sub-systems with a dominant emphasis on built environment [4]. [5] viewed land use as the allocation of urban and rural land classified into residential, commercial, industrial and recreational (open space). This is for the purpose of creating economically, functionally, efficient and aesthetically pleasing residential environment. Sustainable development covers a wide spectrum of practices, ranging from zoning ordinances, conventional subdivision, sustainable site development, to environmental conservation and sustainable land planning laws [6]. All these practices have a common objective of promoting environmental sustainability. However residential land use covers land related activities that disrupt sustainable development practice through pattern of use which often disregards the quality of the built and natural environment [7]. The most widespread and potentially damaging problems are: mismatch between land use and land sustainability, natural hazards and limitations, social problems and released rural planning problems [8]. Further, study by [9] revealed that sustainable development was marred by lack of framework for proper residential land use, poor socio-economic development policy and lack of feedback mechanism for implementation.

Over the years, several researchers have offered different sustainable development practices for residential land use [10]. These approaches include innovation in land use methods, and planning to reduce environmental impacts, among other things. The study employed various land use assessment models and methods and multi-perspective assessment analyses based on the different residential land use types.  It was discovered that some of the evaluation approaches were less helpful in developing strategies to sustaining residential land. Studies by [11] focus on sustainable development practices such as conservation development, and environmental conservation. The study employed future scenario analysis with diverse perspectives and dimensions that enrich research on land use. The findings discovered that sustainable development as a high-level overview of comprehensive development takes into account multiple perspectives from both natural and social aspects to improve land usage. However, predicting future land use involves providing data for comprehensive reflection of the relationship between human economic activities and environment which creates many difficulties for the development, management, and sustainable utilization of residential land.

Therefore, this study aimed at assessing sustainable development practices in the utilization of private land to enhance sustainable residential development in Ondo State. The specific objectives are to:

  1. Assess the current land utilization practices on private residential land in Ondo State;
  2. Investigate the effects of the present residential land activities on sustainable development practice in the study area;
  3. Examine the critical success factors influencing sustainable development practice on private residential land in the study area and;
  4. Develop a framework for sustainable development practice on private residential land in the study area.


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How to cite this paper: Elizabeth, C. I. and Ojo, B. (2024). Evaluation of Sustainable Development Practice on Private Residential Land: A case of Ipinsa, Ilara-Mokin and Ibule-Soro Areas; PM World Journal, Vol. XIII, Issue VI, June. Available online at https://pmworldlibrary.net/wp-content/uploads/2024/06/pmwj142-Jun2024-Elizabeth-Ojo-evaluation-of-sustainable-development-on-private-land.pdf

About the Authors

Chukwuma I. Elizabeth

Ozoro, Delta State, Nigeria


Chukwuma Isioma Elizabeth is an Assistant Lecturer at Delta State University of Science and Technology, Ozoro, Delta State. She received both bachelor’s and master’s degree in Estate Management from Federal University of Technology, Akure. Her current field interests include land administration, land economics and property values. She can be contacted at isiomaelizabeth01@gmail.com


Babajide Ojo, PhD

Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria


Prof Babajide Ojo, PhD is a member of Nigerian Institute of Estate Surveyors and valuers; registered with Estate Surveyors and Valuers registration board. He has a diploma in Architecture, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria; BSc in Estate Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria; MTech and PhD in Estate Management, Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria. He is currently a professor of lands administration and management, taxation and rating in Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria.