Critical Review of Factors

Inhibiting the Adoption of Green Building Design in Nigeria



By aSunday Ajiboye Babarinde[1], a,bOludolapo Ibrahim Olanrewaju, bOluwatobi Nurudeen Oyefusi and bModupeoluwa Olajumoke Adeyemo

aDollahills Research Lab, Dollasoft Technologies
bArbico Plc.

Lagos, Nigeria




Green Building (GB) is one of the recent developments used to improve the energy efficiency and environmental impacts of buildings. It has been widely embraced in other parts of the world but little can be said in the case of Nigeria. Hence, this study aims to conduct an extensive literature review on its level of adoption and incorporation into the Nigerian building system. The study discusses the factors that necessitated the development of the building concept. It also discussed briefly on the available ratings in different countries and projects in which the green building initiative was adopted in Nigeria. The study came to a discovery of some major factors which is inhibiting the adoption of green building design in Nigeria and also proffered viable solutions.

Keywords:  Greenhouse gases; Green building; Sustainability


Green building became an object of mention due to the deteriorating effect of greenhouse gases on human lives and the atmosphere, and these gases are being emitted into the atmosphere on daily basis. These greenhouse gases and Ozone layer depletion are currently a household word following the summit in Rio, 1992 (Sood et al., 2001). The green building initiative was conceived to help cushion the effect of the gas emissions and to help prevent further increase in the greenhouse gases and ozone layer depletion, notwithstanding providing an environmentally friendly building (Brian-Theordor, 2016). As nearly 40% of Green House Gases emissions are attributed to the design, construction, and operation of buildings (US Green Building Council, 2010) also, Yan et al. (2010) corroborated that the construction of buildings has a very important impact on the environment, and the process of manufacturing and transporting of building materials, installing and constructing of buildings consumes great energy and emits large quantity of greenhouse gas (GHG). As the majority of Green House Gas emissions are from fossil fuel use, reversing climate change requires the reduction of building energy use and transition to renewable energy sources (Brian-Theordor, 2016).

Therefore, the saying “No man is an Island”, this statement asserts that we all share a common humanity and a universe which we all should deliberately and consciously protect to ensure our continuous human survival. In today’s increasingly complex and interrelated world, not only is no man an island but, similarly, no building stands alone. Every building exists within an environmental context upon which it not only acts but which also has an impact upon the building. Because of today’s increased complexity and interrelatedness, no building can be constructed as a microcosm. Every building has its own consequential effect on the environment, so professionals in the construction industry should be increasingly informed about the consequences each project will have on the environment, thereby arousing the need for Proper Environmental Impact Assessment to be carried before project commencement and at various stages of the building lifecycle (Zolfagharian et al., 2012). “Going Green” is also a section of call towards sustainable but not limited to Green Buildings only but in all spheres of human activity which in one way or another constitutes a challenge to human sustainability.

Sustainability is also an issue that comes to mind when discussing green building. Sustainability is collection of policies and strategies employed by companies to minimize their environmental impact on future generations. It involves using the environment in such a way to ensure its continual usability and availability for use by generations yet unborn. Environmental Sustainability was defined by Morelli (2011), as the maintenance of natural capital. Sustainability concept encapsulates varying concepts from sustainable building, design and operations.

Green building and reduction in gases emission is aimed at ensuring human and environmental sustainability. Sustainability is a social concept in that it considers the needs of the unborn. It is an environmental concept in that it addresses the effect of pollution and resource management (or lack thereof) on Earth’s ecological systems. Further, it is an economic concept in that it seeks to quantify the tolerable limits for consumption such that we can live on Earth’s interest instead of depleting the principal, further, it is a perspective which focuses on systems and relationships instead of objects.

According to Kolawole and Anigbogu (2005), the friendliest way to handle the environment is not to build. However, without construction, life can be miserable and threatened. For shelter is needed, among other things, for protection against the inclement weather and for healthy living. Hence, this study seeks to carryout critical review on factors inhibiting the adoption of green buildings in Nigeria.


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How to cite this paper: Babarinde, S.Al, Olanrewaju, O.I., Oyefusi, O.N., Adeyemo, M.O. (2019). Critical Review of Factors Inhibiting the Adoption of Green Building Design in Nigeria; PM World Journal, Vol. VIII, Issue VII, August.  Available online at https://pmworldlibrary.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/pmwj84-Aug2019-Factors-Inhibiting-Green-Building-in-Nigeria-1.pdf



About the Authors

Sunday Ajiboye Babarinde

Federal University of Technology,
Minna, Niger State, Nigeria.



Sunday Ajiboye Babarinde is a resourceful Quantity surveyor and researcher. He attended Federal University of Technology, Minna where he studied Bachelor of Technology in Quantity surveying and graduated in 2017. He possess certifications in Project Management and Facility Management from Global Institute of Project Management and also a certification in Quality Control and Assurance. He has great passion for the implementation of innovative technology towards advancing the Nigerian and African Construction Industry with a view at fostering quality and cost-efficient construction. He works with Brainsworth Nigeria Ltd. in the capacity of a quantity surveyor. His research interests are on building information modelling, risk management, lean construction, and IT applications to construction. Sunday can be contacted on spenpe196@gmail.com.


Oludolapo Ibrahim Olanrewaju

University of Benin Ugbowo, Edo State, Nigeria.
Dollahills Research Consult, Lagos, Nigeria.
Dollasoft Technologies, Lagos, Nigeria.



Oludolapo Ibrahim Olanrewaju is a young multitalented Quantity surveyor, researcher and programmer. He attended Federal University of Technology, Minna where he studied Bachelor of Technology in Quantity surveying and graduated in 2017. He graduated with a First Class and emerged the best graduating student in department of Quantity surveying for 2017 set.  Oludolapo has a strong passion for ICT and he has been involved in series of software projects like DOLLAQUESS (Quantity surveying software he designed), decision support systems, inventory manager and others. He works with Dollasoft Technologies as a Freelance Software Developer, Data analyst and Researcher and Arbico Plc as a Graduate Trainee (Estimator). His research interests are on environmental health, building information modelling, construction informatics, construction health and safety (H&S), construction management, construction emissions, green construction, etc. Oludolapo can be contacted on oludolapoolanrewaju2012@gmail.com.


Oluwatobi Nurudeen Oyefusi

Arbico Plc



Oluwatobi Nurudeen Oyefusi is a highly skilled Quantity surveyor. He attended Federal University of Technology, Akure where he studied Bachelor of Technology in Quantity surveying and graduated with a First Class in 2016.  He currently works with Arbico Plc. as a Junior Estimator. His research interests are on building information modelling and sustainability. Oluwatobi can be contacted on oyefusitobi@yahoo.com.


Modupeoluwa Olajumoke Adeyemo

Arbico Plc



Modupeoluwa Olajumoke Adeyemo is a Proactive, analytical and research-oriented graduate of Quantity surveying from the prestigious Federal University of Technology Akure. Her devotion to excellence and never-ending self-improvement is a testament to her graduating with first class honours from the 2017/2018 Academic set of FUTA. Her strong and unwavering dedication to academic excellence is exemplary in the varied scholarship she has being awarded across board. She is strongly passionate about BIM in construction, CSR in construction and sustainable building solutions to the challenges confronting the Nigerian construction Industry. She is currently serving her Father’s land as a Quantity surveyor with Arbico Plc where she contributes her immense wealth of experience in construction management and administration. Her research interests are diverse but majorly based on disruptive innovation, CSR in construction, Internet of things (IOT), BIM in construction and sustainable construction. Modupeoluwa can be contacted on adeyemodupe123@gmail.com.

[1] Corresponding author: spenpe196@gmail.com