BIM Practice: Training and Education

of Nigerian Quantity Surveyors in Preparation for BIM Adoption



By Adetayo Olugbenga ONOSOSEN

Department of Quantity Surveying,
University of Lagos
Lagos, Nigeria


Modupeoluwa Olajumoke ADEYEMO

Department of Quantity Surveying,
Federal University of Technology
Akure, Nigeria




The disruptive nature of newly evolving innovations in the construction industry is largely unstoppable and would become inevitable with time. Though developed economies have taken proactive measures to ensure their industry is not relegated in the face of emerging technologies, there does not seem to be anything short of a reactive measure from the stakeholders of the Nigerian construction industry. Previous authors had proposed diverse solutions which include training and Education. However, there has been no in-depth analysis of the curriculum requirements of recent graduates from our institutions to provide the needed BIM technical know-how. The course contents of academic curricula of higher institutions offering quantity surveying at undergraduate level was examined to gauge the availability of training on BIM usage and practice. The study revealed that BIM training is non-existent in all the institutions of learning in Nigeria with just a University offering an introductory course. It is recommended that Nigerian AEC professional bodies and the academia actively engage in providing the basic training for BIM learning in the face of reluctant government support. This could be achieved through an introductory BIM course and stand-alone teaching modules for integration into a variety of core courses in the Nigerian built environment curricula.

Keywords: Adoption BIM, Education, Quantity Surveyors, Training,


BIM has been described as a set of policies and processes which are being enhanced by emerging technologies in producing newly improved construction methods and processes (Hamma-Adama & Kouider, 2018). While Nigerian stakeholders, are yet to fully grasp, adopt and utilize the innovations attributed to BIM, Hamma-Adama and Kouider (2018) opine that BIM has gone beyond a concept for building design and construction in advanced economies and has fully being integrated into large scale infrastructural design and construction processes. According to Opoko, Sholanke, Joel, Ciafas, Fakorede and Oyeyemi (2019) BIM started in the 1970s in Georgia Institute of Technology where the idea was developed and became generally accepted in design and construction management. With the introduction of “Building Information Modelling (Autodesk, 2013), BIM gained in popularity and global awareness and has since moved to achieving significant output in construction processes (Opoko et al, 2019).

BIM is highly imperative to the construction industry by contributing integrated project delivery (see Opoko et al 2019), collaborative work and good teamwork (Rokooei, 2017); proper and enhanced process scheduling (Malacarne, Giovanni, Carmen, Michael & Dominik, 2018). As stated by Hamma-Adama, and Kouider (2018), Education and research are the bedrock of innovation and to achieve skills transfer, training is inevitable. This puts education and training at the forefront in developing policies, processes and technical know-how for BIM impplementation and adoption.


BIM, Building Information Modeling has been regarded as ever evolving in meaning and interpretations due to its inherent nature of reinventing processes and workflows (RICS, 2014). However, some attempts to define BIM states that it involves the “digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a facility creating a shared knowledge resource for information about it forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life cycle, from earliest conception to demolition” (BIM Hub, 2014). While there have been mis-matched comparisons of BIM with software such as Revit, it is much more than a software but a concept that has been embedded in the development of BIM-based applications (Bashir, 2018; Makarfi & Abdullahi, 2016). Karen (2014) described “BIM as an integrated, structured digital database, informed by the architecture, engineering, and construction operations industry that consist of 3D parametric objects and allow for interoperability”. While Azhar, Khalfan and Maqsood, (2012) opines that “BIM is an improved process and tool, which contains a set of virtual aspects, concepts and systems of a facility within one environment”.  BIM provides myriads of solution to the industry’s problems of integrating construction processes and methods, addressing construction project development challenges achieving maximum productivity (Mohammed & Ahmad, 2017). BIM is not limited to just BIM-based softwares but has various layers of dimensions from 3D to nD – which involves dimensions such as 3D-visualization, 4D-scheduling, 5Destimation, 6D-facility management applications, and 7D-sustainability (Badrinath, Chang, & Hsieh, 2016).


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How to cite this paper: Onososen A.O. and Adeyemo, M.O. (2020). BIM Practice: Training and Education of Nigerian Quantity Surveyors in Preparation for BIM Adoption; PM World Journal, Vol. IX, Issue II, February.  Available online at https://pmworldlibrary.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/pmwj90-Feb2020-Onososen-Adeyemo-bim-training-and-education-of-nigerian-quantity-surveyors.pdf



About the Authors


Adetayo Olugbenga ONOSOSEN

Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria



Adetayo Onososen is a research-driven, highly dependable, diligent and innovative graduate of Quantity surveying from the Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. He also has a Master of Science in Quantity Surveying from the University of Lagos.  He has a strong bias for excellence, execution and exemplary work ethic. He is highly analytical with industry-based experience in construction management/cost control and project management. He is skilled in conducting qualitative and quantitative field research in environmental sciences/ technology in construction and sustainable/green buildings. He possesses effective communication and writing skills, strategic leadership, teamwork and dynamic people management skills. Over the years he has garnered keen interests in technology in construction, green buildings and research in the environmental science. He works as a practising quantity surveyor in a firm where a mix of entrepreneurial drive and extreme ownership mindset is encouraged where he is leveraging skills to contribute own quota to overall organization growth.

Adetayo can be contacted on Onososen@gmail.com or Onososen@outlook.com


Modupeoluwa Olajumoke ADEYEMO

Lagos, Nigeria



Modupeoluwa Olajumoke Adeyemo is a Proactive, analytical and research-oriented graduate of Quantity surveying from the prestigious Federal University of Technology Akure. Her devotion to excellence and never-ending self-improvement is a testament to her graduating with first class honours from the 2017/2018 Academic set of FUTA. Her strong and unwavering dedication to academic excellence is exemplary in the varied scholarship she has being awarded across board. She is strongly passionate about BIM in construction, CSR in construction and sustainable building solutions to the challenges confronting the Nigerian Construction Industry. She is currently serving in the mandatory national youth service as a Quantity surveyor with Arbico Plc where she contributes her immense wealth of experience in construction management and administration. Her research interests are diverse but majorly based on disruptive innovation, CSR in construction, Internet of things (IOT), BIM in construction and sustainable construction.

Modupeoluwa can be contacted at Adeyemodupe123@gmail.com