BIM Implementation Practices

of Construction Organizations in the UK AEC Industry



By Adedotun Ojo[1]
School of Engineering
University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK


Christopher Pye
School of Science, Engineering & Environment
University of Salford, Manchester, UK




The aim of this research was to investigate the implementation practices and application of BIM technology by construction organisations through the project phases from inception to operational use in the United Kingdom. The aim and objectives of the study were achieved using qualitative methodology. Semi-structured interview was used for collecting data. Secondary source of data collection included a comprehensive literature review on past and current work on BIM implementation and application across the project lifecycle. To achieve the overall aim fully, a generic Process Map was deemed best to illustrate the BIM implementation practices of construction organisations through the project phases in the UK. The BIM functions or sub-processes at each project phases of the construction process were highlighted from the interviews. Then the generic process map above linking all the BIM activities in the project was developed. The information outputs at the end of each project stage were illustrated in the Process Map. The information inputs feeding into the BIM functions at the project phases were also examined from the interviews and illustrated in the process map. The information inputs feeding into the BIM functions at the project phases were also examined from the interviews and illustrated in the Process Map.

Keywords: Building Information Modelling (BIM), BIM Implementation Practices, BIM Implementation Process Map, UK AEC Industry, 2013 RIBA Plan of Work


Research has shown that the construction industry is a complex and dynamic one; hence, making construction projects one of the most complex endeavours there is. The complexity of projects in the industry is increasing rapidly and is seen as a major failure factor in construction in construction project management. This is due to the construction industry being regarded as a “loosely-coupled system” or fragmented industry. Research has also shown that the industry has been slow in adopting management techniques and technological innovations that have enhanced productivity and performance in other industries. These new electronic commerce applications or Business Process Re-engineering (BPR) models such as CALIBER (used for measuring onsite performance), Value Management, Benchmarking, Lean Thinking, Just-In-Time, Concurrent Engineering, Cost Reduction Initiative for the New Era (CRINE), Standardised Process Improvement for Construction Enterprises (SPICE), Total Quality Management, Strategic Project Management, Planning applications tools (such as Microsoft Project, Primavera, RIBA Plan of Work, British Property Federation Manual, Generic Design and Construction Process Protocol, Building Information Modelling (BIM), etc., produce ‘strategic, operational, and opportunity benefits to its users in the construction supply chain’, as it can overcome most of the current challenges that reduces the capacity for effective management of the construction processes. According to Akintoye, Goulding and Zawdie (2012), construction practitioners advocate that the Building Information Modelling (BIM) can be used to ease the complexity of the partnering or collaborative process in the delivery of a project. This can be achieved by adopting the BIM technology or business process application as a collaborative platform to “bridge the information loss associated with handling a project from the design team, to the construction team, and the building owner”, such that each group contributes and refers back to information developed during the lifecycle of a project.


The RIBA Plan of Work appears to be the most widely used Plan of Work in the UK, although, the UK Government’s PAS 1192 and the CIC’s Digital Plan of Work are also very much in use in the AEC industry. The RIBA Outline Plan of Work published in 2007 is only applicable to the DBB procurement route.


To read entire paper, click here

Editor’s note: Second Editions are previously published papers that have continued relevance in today’s project management world, or which were originally published in conference proceedings or in a language other than English.  Original publication acknowledged; authors retain copyright.  This paper was originally presented at the 7th Annual University of Maryland PM Symposium in May 2020.  It is republished here with the permission of the author and conference organizers.

How to cite this paper: Ojo, A. and Pye, C. (2020). BIM Implementation Practices of Construction Organizations in the UK AEC Industry; presented at the 7th Annual University of Maryland Project Management Symposium, College Park, Maryland, USA in May 2020; PM World Journal, Vol. IX, Issue X, October. Available online at https://pmworldlibrary.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/pmwj98-Oct2020-Ojo-Pye-BIM-implementation-in-construction-orgs-in-UK-AEC-industry.pdf



About the Authors

Adedotun Ojo

School of Engineering
University of Central Lancashire
Preston, UK


Adedotun (Adey) Ojo is a result-oriented construction professional and researcher. A keen and meticulous individual possessing a strong research analysis experience in collating and evaluating data with the aid of advanced research approaches, techniques, and statistical packages for dissemination of evidence-based housing research insights in oral or written formats. A self-motivated individual with a solid background in Quantity Surveying & Cost Estimating, Construction Project Management, possessing excellent leadership, verbal, written, problem-solving and relationship-building skills, required for a collaborative and creative environment. His areas of industry and research interest include Housing Policy Analysis & Evaluation, Affordable Housing Studies, BIM Adoption for Regulatory Compliance, BIM for Construction Management of Residential Buildings, etc. He can be contacted at adedotun.ojo@outlook.com


Christopher Pye

School of Science, Engineering & Environment
University of Salford
Manchester, UK


Chris Pye is a lecturer in construction technology in the School of Science Engineering & Environment.  Chris lectures in the topics of building surveying and civil engineering and his areas of specialism include low and high-rise construction technology and building pathology combined with maintenance management. Chris is research active in the area of built environment and sustainability and his research interests include building life cycle analysis, the application of building information modelling to listed buildings and the conservation of military structures and war memorials.

Prior to joining the University of Salford, Chris was a senior lecturer in building surveying at the University of Central Lancashire within the Construction and Civil Engineering (CCE) unit of the School of Engineering and was course leader for the BSc. (Hons.) Facilities Management degree in both the UK and in Oman and Hong Kong. Chris also led the FdSc Construction degree and was link tutor responsible for franchised construction related HNC’s and Foundation Degrees delivered by college partners.

Chris has seventeen years of industrial experience as a civil engineer and also as a building surveyor and has worked in both local government and private practice. Chris has experience of managing projects for both public and private clients in commercial and domestic construction projects and his industrial experience ranges from sea defence and highway engineering projects to building conservation of historic buildings, facilities management of offices and new build construction of schools, offices and houses.

Chris has published research papers on topics such as building information modelling, building energy efficiency and life cycle costing for sustainable buildings and has completed pedagogic research into the use of mobile devices by students as part of their learning approach. He can be contacted at c.j.pye@salford.ac.uk


[1] Corresponding author: adedotun.ojo@outlook.com