Advancement of Drones in Electrical Transmission

and Distribution Construction



By Pandya Brijalkumar Hasmukhlal

SKEMA Business School

Lille, France & India




The advancement of new equipment for construction of electrical transmission and distribution line is essential for safety, cost and time. The drone technology enhances the construction field with their enormous benefits as compared to their traditional method for the power lines construction. This article gives a prologue to drone technology innovation and give perspective result for technical specification, surveying and accurate measurement in construction and eliminate use of heavy air-craft. The primary viewpoints that have prompted the substantial spread of drone technology in construction of power lines are examined and here compared with their traditional methods with evolution with some technique like MADM, quantitative representation, relative weighing and additive weighing and then choose the best methods which provides strong position for attributes that consider for the subject. Although all methods are relatively important on its way of use but comparison between them made easy selection for most benefits for use. The iterative methods already show that the drone technology proven best practice for construction of power lines in terms of time, cost, risk, size, location, quality and environment sustainability.

Key words:   Aircraft/ Transmission and distribution/ Construction/ Infrastructure/ Expensive/ Cost effective/Power sector


Every year increasing demand in energy for domestic and industries create alarming situation for infrastructure of transmit and distribute it. Though construction of power line is not much easier as it looks. “Around 30 to 50 workers in every 1,00,000 are killed on the jobs every year and many others suffer from non-fatal loss of limbs from electrical burns and mechanical trauma which is almost twice fatality rate than police officers and fireman”[1]. Moreover, the capital cost of construction is also expensive due to pre-construction inspection crew, transportation, helicopter and ground crew. Advancement in technology booming power sector also by using drones in construction, inspection and maintenance for energy lines and remarkable cost cutting in operations. This all reasons need some innovative alternative for construction of T&D lines.

Fish bone analysis for innovation in construction of T&D[2]

Using drones in construction of energy transmission line is not fairy tales now it is in infancy, but future of this technology is very enormous. In recent past, “Sharper shape and skyskopes, in cooperation with an investor-owned utility, have completed the project regarding string shock line installation of 765kv transmission power line successfully in USA”[3]. The main concern of this project is showing to world that drone technology have many applications than basic inspection with respect to safety, efficiency and cost-effective. Sock pulling, the act of strong and lightweight rope and connecting it to towers, is traditionally completed by helicopter and ground crew involve great risk to aircraft pilot and member of ground crews. Drone technology eliminating typical complex process and divided into sub process of reattaching string and minimize the risk of injury for involved people. This is not small issue, approximately 1.5 deaths every year from helicopter crews trying to perform same task but using drones and expertise pilot, task done with maximum cost effectiveness and with no risk of injury to manned aircraft. According to Guild control of project Compendium and references for managing change “Identify what a change is and understand how to demonstrate the impact will have on our projects”[4] so, here impact of drone technology in construction of power lines is very clear and based on advantages decision making is also easy by facts and results in terms of safety, cost and operation as well.


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Editor’s note: Student papers are authored by graduate or undergraduate students based on coursework at accredited universities or training programs.  This paper was prepared as a deliverable for the course “International Contract Management” facilitated by Dr Paul D. Giammalvo of PT Mitratata Citragraha, Jakarta, Indonesia as an Adjunct Professor under contract to SKEMA Business School for the program Master of Science in Project and Programme Management and Business Development.  http://www.skema.edu/programmes/masters-of-science. For more information on this global program (Lille and Paris in France; Belo Horizonte in Brazil), contact Dr Paul Gardiner, Global Programme Director paul.gardiner@skema.edu.

How to cite this paper: Author Hasmukhlal, P.B. (2019). Advancement of Drones in Electrical Transmission and Distribution Construction, PM World Journal, Vol. VIII, Issue VII, August.  Available online at https://pmworldlibrary.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/pmwj84-Aug2019-Hasmukhlal-drones-in-electrical-transmission-construction.pdf



About the Author

Pandya Brijalkumar Hasmukhlal

India and France




 Pandya Brijalkumar Hasmukhlal, MSC in “Project and Programme Management and Business Development (PPMBD)” at SKEMA Business School, Lille Campus. As a part of a key module “The International Contract Management” qualification requirement under the direct supervision of Professor. Paul D Giammalvo, PhD, CDT, CCP, MScPM, MRICS, GPM-m Senior Technical Advisor, PT Mitrata Citragraha, the course director and the Professor. Paul Gardiner, The Program Director. He graduated from the Sankalchand patel college of Engineering, approved by AICTE (All India Council of Technical Education) and affiliated to Hemchandracharya north Gujarat University, Patan, Gujarat, India and holds a bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering. He has worked at Eurocircuits India Pvt Ltd., Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India as a Production Engineer in the year 2014 to 2018. He has a background in Production and Design Engineering in Electrical & Electronic Industry. He speaks fluent English, Gujarati, Hindi, and basic French.

Pandya Brijalkumar can be contacted at brijalkumar.pandya@skema.edu Or LinkedIn https://www.linkedin.com/in/brijal-pandya-9a360a170/


[1] Ore, Timothy. (1996, June). Electrical Fatalities Among U.S. Construction Workers: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Retrieved from https://journals.lww.com/joem/Abstract/1996/06000/Electrical_Fatalities_Among_U_S__Construction.9.aspx

[2]     By author October 2018

[3] Sharpershape. (2017). Transmission line construction | Sharper Shape Inc. Retrieved from https://sharpershape.com/energy-industry-services/transmission-line-construction

[4]Guild of project controls compendium and references. (2015, November 2). GUILD OF PROJECT CONTROLS COMPENDIUM and REFERENCE (CaR) | Project Controls – planning, scheduling, cost management and forensic analysis (Planning Planet). Retrieved from http://www.planningplanet.com/guild/gpccar/introduction-to-managing-change